Science has demonstrated that exercise is an effective therapeutic strategy for type 2 diabetes. This review discusses the correct approach to exercise therapy and underlines the effects and limitations. Also the applicability of it in management of type 2 diabetes is another crucial point. Authors of the review are Pierpaolo De Feo from the University of Perugia and Peter Schwarz from the University of Dresden. Peter Schwarz is one of the Principal Investigators of the FP7 Diabetes Literacy project.